According to a Wells’s research the core-strengthening perks of Pilates may also ease pain and improve daily life for people suffering from chronic low-back pain. Low back pain is the leading cause of disability worldwide, affecting an estimated 540 million people, according to the Lancet. Pilates can do wonder to both your mental focus and back pain and although there is less research on back pain and yoga it is always a good idea to consult with your doctor.